How To Feed Your Fish The Nutrients They Need To Live A Long, Healthy Life
Fish need all their basic nutrients to lead long, healthy lives. Many fish keepers don't read or understand the fish food containers labels. Live foods are an even bigger unknown. This is because living flies, crickets, and worm do not come with nutritional information. Feeding your fish the right live foods will improve their health and are great for stimulating breeding activity. The price of fish depends on its ingredients. It is cheaper to produce fish with fishmeal as the main protein. It has a high percentage of digestible protein, plus essential amino acids. Fish diets should be low in fat. Excessive fat can damage the liver. It can result in disease and early death. Fish have difficulty digesting hard (saturated) fats, such as those in beef. Polyunsaturated fats are the most digestible. Adult fish can tolerate as much as 40 percent carbohydrate in their diet, seemingly without ill effects. Most of the carbohydrate in fish food comes in the form of starches. These starches are used to bind the food. Minerals are a key element needed for good health and growth in all fish species. Young fish require a diet that is at least 50 percent protein for vigorous, healthy growth. Vitamins are important for healthy cells, immune systems, metabolic enzymes, bones, teeth and scales. Vitamin A is not stable in prepared foods for very long. Lack of vitamin A can cause spinal deformities and stunted growth in young developing fish. Vitamin C is important for its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. It also has a short shelf life. Many aquarists are overfeeding. They will eat as much food as they will eat in about 5 minutes, with no extra food on the bottom. If you have bottom fish, you may also use some sinking pellets for them. . . .